Sandra Louzada, Mariana Lopes, Daniela Ferreira, Filomena Adega, Ana Escudeiro, Margarida Gama-Carvalho, and Raquel Chaves

Repetitive DNA is a major organizational component of eukaryotic genomes, being intrinsically related with their architecture and evolution. Tandemly repeated satellite DNAs (satDNAs) can be found clustered in specific heterochromatin-rich chromosomal regions, building vital structures like functional centromeres and also dispersed within euchromatin. Interestingly, despite their association to critical chromosomal structures, satDNAs are widely variable among species due to their high turnover rates. This dynamic behavior has been associated with genome plasticity and chromosome rearrangements, leading to the reshaping of genomes. Here we present the current knowledge regarding satDNAs in the light of new genomic technologies, and the challenges in the study of these sequences. Furthermore, we discuss how these sequences, together with other repeats, influence genome architecture, impacting its evolution and association with disease.
Doi: 10.3390/genes11010072

Cited as: Louzada S, Lopes M, Ferreira D, Adega F, Escudeiro A, Gama-Carvalho M, Chaves R (2020) Decoding the Role of Satellite DNA in Genome Architecture and Plasticity – An Evolutionary and Clinical Affair. Genes 11(1), 72;