Pereira G, Pereira H, Santos RB, Figueiredo A.

Epigenetic regulation has recently gained prominence in the field of plant-pathogen interactions, providing a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with plant infection. In grapevine interaction with pathogens, epigenetic regulation still remains a black box. In this work, we characterized grapevine DNA methyltransferase gene family and identified nine DNA methyltransferases genes across eight grapevine chromosomes coding for 17 proteins. We also assessed the modulation of global cytosine methylation and gene expression levels of these genes with the aim of establishing a connection between DNA methylation and grapevine resistance towards downy mildew. Our results revealed that, in the incompatible interaction, an early hypomethylation, coupled with downregulation of DNMT and CMT genes occurs very early after pathogen inoculation. Additionally, the compatible interaction is characterized by a hypermethylation at 6hpi. A temporal delay is evident between the shifts in DNA methyltransferases gene expression in both compatible and incompatible interactions which in turn may be reflected in the global methylation percentage. Overall, we present the first evidence of an epigenetic regulation role in grapevine defense against P. viticola.

Doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2022.146693

Pereira G, Pereira H, Santos RB, Figueiredo A (2022) Uncovering the role of DNA methyltransferases in grapevine – Plasmopara viticola interaction: from genome-wide characterization to global methylation patterns. Gene, , . doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2022.146693

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